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The overall objective is to ensure an efficient and sufficient level of system services to facilitate meeting world-leading levels of renewables in electricity, while maintaining the level of resilience that consumers and society have come to expect from the European electricity system.
This requires defining the right amount of flexibility and system services to support transmission system operators using a threefold approach. Firstly, the technical needs of the pan-European system . Secondly, the electricity market design and regulation needs to be augmented to efficiently and effectively procure the appropriate combination of these system services. Thirdly, implicit and explicit barriers to competitive forces being applied need to be removed. For this we need an in-depth understanding of all stakeholders’ roles at all system levels (interconnected system, national transmission and distribution sub-systems and consumers).